The Center will provide a full cycle of training for flight and maintenance personnel of SSJ100 customers. It has advanced training aids and training equipment: FTD LV static flight trainer, full flight simulator and CEET trainer.
CBT computer training systems, which are installed in the Center’s classrooms and used for studying the materiel (airframe, engine, systems) during effective classroom training single-handed or with the instructor.
FPTD procedure trainer, which simulates cockpit panel, pedestals and flight controls. It is intended for studying all the aircraft systems and drilling of control procedures in regular mode and in case of emergencies. FPTD also allows training of maintenance personnel in the areas of operation, monitoring of aircraft systems and engine starting.
FTD LV static flight trainer, which meets the requirements of the 5th level of ICAO 9625 standard. It is intended for re-training of crews and carrying out their periodical training. It provides drilling of procedures as part of the crew, accomplishment of basic piloting tasks and crew procedures in case of emergencies. FTD LV fulfills all the functions of Full Flight Simulator (FFS) and differs from it mainly by the absence of movement system.
Full Flight Simulator (FFS) simulates normal, severe and emergency flight conditions in real-time mode on all the stages of task performance in any weather conditions and time of day. FFS copies the real cockpit equipped by all the aircraft systems. It is fitted with display system for visualization of scenery on different stages of flight assignment performance. The pilot using FFS feels the same as if he would have been in the cockpit of real aircraft. FFS allows pilots to drill procedures in severe and emergency situations, which practically do not occur during normal flights. All the procedures, drilled using FFS, fully meet the requirements of operational documentation (first of all the Flight Crew Operating Manual, which is a Bible for every pilot).
The FFS for SSJ100 has been developed by Thales Training & Simulation (France) in cooperation with Sukhoi Civil Aircraft and GosNIIAS. FFS for SSJ100 is among the “Reality 7” next-generation simulators and it has electro-hydraulic movement system, state-of-the-art visualization system with LCOS-projection devices and instructor workstation with improved ergonomics.
After series of functional tests in accordance with international standards the FFS has been approved by Federal Air Transport Agency. The simulator has been initially certified in Class C in accordance with JAR FSTD. The FFS will be improved in future to Class D, the highest possible one in certification of simulators in accordance with JAR FSTD.
After putting the FFS for SSJ100 into operation the training of pilots is being carried out in accordance with the most advanced program, which almost excludes the usage of a real aircraft.
The “Door” trainer is intended for training of attendants. It allows drilling of skills of using the aircraft’s main door in regular mode and in case of emergency.
СЕЕТ trainer, includes the fully equipped cockpit and the nose part of passenger cabin. It is intended for effective drilling of crew procedures for provision of passengers’ safe escape from the aircraft in case of emergency.
The flight and maintenance personnel will be trained in accordance with programs approved by Federal Air Transport Agency, which assume an intense usage of trainers. The ASTC will be able to re-train up to 180 pilots and 250 technical specialists per year, starting from 2012.
The retraining program includes:
- Theoretical ground training using CBT computer training systems and FPTD procedure trainer for studying of all the aircraft systems and drilling of aircraft control procedures. Two instructors are always monitoring the solitary work of pilots with the computer systems, answering any questions and helping the pilots during their work on the procedure trainer. In addition, the instructors are teaching a number of special training courses on aircraft’s takeoff and landing performance and weight characteristics, particular qualities of survival equipment and EICAS system, which provides information on operational characteristics of engines and aircraft furnishings. The ground training is concluded by the exam. The pilot must pass this exam to continue the training.
The practical training for improving the aircraft control skills. Earlier the practical training has been carried out using the real aircraft, but the program for pilots of SSJ100 assumes intensive usage of simulators.
The standard course includes:
- Three sessions on FTD static flight trainer.
Nine flight assignments on FFS, where the 9th one is the pilot’s exam.
Only one check flight is performed on the real jet at the end of the course. Its duration is less than one hour.
The total duration of the course depends on the degree of skill of the trained pilots. The standard course for pilots, which already have experience in piloting aircraft with “glass cockpit”, lasts 26 days. If they have no such experience, then the training lasts 37 days, 12 of which are dedicated to learning of particular qualities of “glass cockpit”, mostly using trainers.
This allows carrying out the re-training of pilots, which have experience of operating almost all the passenger liners, including Тu-134, Тu-154, Yak-40, Yak-42, Аn-24, etc.
As of the end of November 2011, 19 crews (38 pilots) and 93 technicians have been trained for Aeroflot and Armavia in accordance with the previous program, which included lasting training missions performed on the real jet instead of using FFS. It is planned to re-train 3 more crews (6 pilots, which have no experience of operating an aircraft with “glass cockpit”) for Aeroflot by the end of this year.
Thales Training & Simulation intends to deliver two more FFSs for SSJ100 in 2012. One of them will be installed in Aeroflot Training Center, located at the Sheremetyevo airport, and the other one – in the SJI Training Center in Venice, Italy.